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Oscar Awards 2018: Complete List Of Nominations And Winners

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Oscar Awards 2018:

The Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Science felicitated the best films of 2017 during the 90th Academy awards ceremony in Dolby Theatre, LA. The Oscar is the most prestigious award in the filmy world. This year too, exceptional films and performances have been seen on the silver screen.

The film “The Shape of Water” directed by Guillemro del Toro awarded the best film along with the best director award. The film got four academy awards in total.

Christopher Norlan directed movie “Dunkirk” couldn’t get the best film award. It lost to the “Shape of Water”, but the battle was between these two films only. Dunkirk won 3 Oscars in total in Sound Mixing, Sound Editing, and Film Editing, though it was nominated for 8 times.

BEST CINEMATOGRAPHY 2017:

Nominations: Blade Runner 2049( Roger A. Deakins), Darkest Hour (Bruno Delbonnel), Dunkirk (Hoyte van Hoytema), Mudbound (Rachel Morrison), The Shape of Water (Dan Laustsen)

Winner: Blade Runner 2049( Roger A. Deakins)

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BEST ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY 2017:

Nominations: The Big Sick, Get Out, Lady Bird, The Shape of Water, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri

Winner: Jordan Peele for Get Out

BEST ADAPTED SCREENPLAY 2017:

Nominations: Call Me by Your Name, The Disaster Artist, Logan, Molly’s Game, Mudbound

Winner: Call Me by Your Name, Screenplay by James Ivory

BEST ORIGINAL SONG:

Nominations: Mighty River (Mudbound), Mystery Of Love (Call Me by Your Name), Remember Me (Coco), Stand Up For Something (Marshall), This Is Me (The Greatest Showman)

Winner: Remember Me (Coco)- by Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez

BEST FILM EDITING:

Nominations: Baby Driver, Dunkirk, I, Tonya, The Shape of Water, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri

Winner: Lee Smith for Dunkirk

BEST VISUAL EFFECTS:

Nominations: Blade Runner 2049, Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, Kong: Skull Island, Star Wars: The Last Jedi, War for the Planet of the Apes

Winner: Blade Runner 2049

BEST SOUND MIXING:

Nominations: Baby Driver, Blade Runner 2049, Dunkirk, The Shape of Water, Star Wars: The Last Jedi

Winner: Mark Weingarten, Gregg Landaker, and Gary A. Rizzo for Dunkirk

BEST SOUND MIXING:

Nominations: Baby Driver, Blade Runner 2049, Dunkirk, The Shape of Water, Star Wars: The Last Jedi

Winner: Richard King and Alex Gibson for Dunkirk

BEST ANIMATED FILM (FEATURED):

Nominations: The Boss Baby, The Breadwinner, Coco, Ferdinand, Loving Vincent

Winner: Coco

BEST ANIMATED FILM (SHORT):

Nominations: Dear Basketball, Garden Party, Lou, Negative Space, Revolting Rhymes

Winner: Dear Basketball

BEST SHORT FILM FOR LIVE ACTION:

Nominations: DeKalb Elementary, The Eleven O’Clock, My Nephew Emmett, The Silent Child, Watu Wote/All of Us

Winner: The Silent Child

BEST FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM:

Nominations: A Fantastic Woman, The Insult, Loveless, On Body and Soul, The Square

Winner: A Fantastic Woman (A Chilean drama film)

BEST ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE (FEMALE):

Nominations: Mary J. Blige (Mudbound), Allison Janney (I, Tonya), Lesley Manville (Phantom Thread), Laurie Metcalf (Lady Bird), Octavia Spencer (The Shape of Water)

Winner: Allison Janney for I, Tonya

BEST ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE (MALE):

Nominations: Willem Dafoe (The Florida Project), Woody Harrelson (Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri), Richard Jenkins (The Shape of Water), Christopher Plummer (All the Money in the World), Sam Rockwell (Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri)

Winner: Sam Rockwell for Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri

BEST ACTOR IN A LEADING ROLE (FEMALE):

Nominations: Sally Hawkins (The Shape of Water), Frances McDormand (Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri), Margot Robbie ( I, Tonya), Saoirse Ronan (Lady Bird), Meryl Streep (The Post)

Winner: Frances McDormand  for Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri

BEST ACTOR IN A LEADING ROLE (Male):

Nominations: Timothée Chalamet (Call Me By Your Name), Daniel Day-Lewis (Phantom Thread), Daniel Kaluuya (Get Out), Gary Oldman (Darkest Hour), Denzel Washington (Roman J. Israel, Esq.)

Winner: Gary Oldman (Darkest Hour)

BEST DIRECTOR:

Nominations: Christopher Nolan (Dunkirk), Jordan Peele (Get Out), Greta Gerwig (Lady Bird), Paul Thomas Anderson (Phantom Thread), Guillermo del Toro (The Shape of Water)

Winner: Guillermo del Toro (The Shape of Water)

BEST PICTURE:

Nominations: Call Me By Your Name, Darkest Hour, Dunkirk, Get Out, Lady Bird, Phantom Thread, The Post, The Shape of Water, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri

Winner: The Shape Of Water

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Artificial Intelligence Might Destroy The Human Race In Future

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Photo Credit: Altervista

Artificial intelligence could dramatically improve our own lives, positively influencing everything from health to security, government and the economy. But nearly all technologies may be used for ill and also for good. Report on the Bad Use of Artificial Intelligence report, compiled by specialists a number of associations such as the University of Cambridge and research company OpenAI, asserts that in the hands of AI might be manipulated by rogue nations, terrorists and criminals.

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The report outlines 3 domains physical, digital and political where AI is more than likely to be exploited, and describes situations of how AI attacks could play out.

1. Remote controlled automobile crashes.

The largest concern entails AI being used to perform physical attacks on humans, like hacking into self driving vehicles to cause major collisions. If several robots are controlled with one AI system operate on a dedicated server, or if several robots are controlled by identical AI systems and represented by the same incentives, then one attack may also produces simultaneous failures on an otherwise implausible scale, the report says. University of Texas Austin Professor Dr. Peter Stone, who’s part of the team that lately developed a brand new algorithm for enhancing is not unique or new to autonomous vehicles.

If somebody the way robots and humans communicate, thinks the report warnings should be taken seriously, but the situation town to be simultaneously green, then disaster would ensue. Stated by Dr. Stone. And the fact that our power grid is pretty centralized makes us susceptible to large scale blackouts. According to Dr. Stone, the proper response will grid is pretty centralized makes us making.

2. Sophisticated phishing.

In future, AI will attempt to capture all the sensitive and personal information from individuals which could be carried by AI entirely.

These attacks can use AI systems to perform certain tasks more than any other human could, the report states, adding that fraud or ID theft may become more elegant and effective as AI evolves. Majority of the research and message generation will be phishing scams which will deal by AI.

AI could impersonate people’s real contacts, utilizing a writing style that imitates the design of these contacts, making it harder to spot the scam. Professor of Robotics at Carnegie Mellon University Illah Nourbakhsh claims that because AI is capable of generating complicated contacts, making it harder to spot the scam. Professor of Robotics at Carnegie Mellon University Illah Nourbakhsh coverage moves to maximize the good and minimize the bad. Just as human fraud artists find ever more complex and nuanced approaches to trick people from their money using online scams, so AI powered malicious actors will continually find new paths into our information and into our own pocketbooks.

3. Manipulating public opinion.

Fake new and fake videos generated by bots and AI might have a big effect on public opinion, disrupting all levels of society, from politics to media. The use of social networking bots distributing false news were already a reality throughout the 2016 US presidential campaign.

Well trained bots could make a strategic advantage for political parties, and almost work as unnaturally intelligent propaganda machines which prosper in low trust societies, a report asserts. This goes further than just the spread of fake text content.

AI systems are now able to produce synthetic images which are nearly indistinguishable in photographs, whereas only a couple of years ago the pictures they created were crude and obviously unrealistic, the report says.

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Wendell Wallach, Chairman of the World Economic Forum “‘Global Future Council on Technology, Values and Politics” and author of “‘Dangerous Master: The best way to maintain technology from slipping beyond our control, says that social networking is already now combining ideas about human psychology and how to manipulate opinions, and it’ll become more complicated over the coming years. These tools won’t only be utilized like propaganda by states to confuse and interrogate competing powers, but additionally as new methods used by political leaders and political parties such as tracking, manipulating and controlling your stresses citizens within a country.

In reaction to these threats, along with the myriad others summarized inside the report, the specialists have summarized four highlevel, recommendations:

1. Policy makers and specialized researchers will need to work together now to understand and prepare for the malicious use of AI.

2. Whilst AI has many favorable applications, it is a dual use technology and researchers and engineers should be aware of and proactive about the potential of his abuse.

3. Best practices can and must be learned from areas with a history of managing dual use risks, like computer safety.

4. The selection stakeholders engaging with preventing and mitigating the risks of malicious use of AI should be actively expanded.

A brand new sort of agile and comprehensive government will be required both internationally and nationally to increase the advantages of AI, mitigate the risks, and satisfy these four high level recommendations, says Wendell Wallach.

In the World Economic Forum’s Centre for the Industrial Revolution, Head of Artificial Intelligence and machine learning Kay Firth Butterfield is working on addressing some of the steps set out in the report to mitigate the risks:

We’ve co designed a project to assist researches and engineers be conscious of the abuse of AI by making sure that instructing on culturally relevant moral design of AI is available to any student and post grad designing, developing and generating AI, we are also working with authorities and Boards of Directors to make best practices for the commissioning and use of AI, she explains. We would like to envision a brand new type of regulator that can address risks in an agile manner to promote and encourage the use of technology that is beneficial for all of mankind and the planet.

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